Online Number Theory Seminar

Online Number Theory Seminar
2020-06-09 9:00-10:00


Online Number Theory Seminar


This seminar is held on ZOOM and organized by Morningside Center of Mathematics (MCM) and Yau Mathematical Sciences Center (YMSC).



Hansheng Diao (YMSC)

Lei Fu (YMSC)

Yongquan Hu (MCM)

Ye Tian (MCM)

Bin Xu (YMSC)

Weizhe Zheng (MCM)


Conference Room for the current talk



ID:392 232 6206


Tencent Meeting

(can’t ask questions)

ID:396 389 285





 Title: Big images of Galois representations associated to Hida families

Speaker: Dr. Huan Chen(Huazhong University Of Science And Technology)

Time: 9:00-10:00, Dec 03, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: We study the images of Galois representations associated to Hida families. In 2015, Hida and Jacyln Lang have proved that the image of Ga-lois representation associated to a non-CM family of ordinary classical modular forms contains a congruence subgroup of Iwasawa algebra of weights and also of a nite extension of this algebra, which is called the self-twist ring. Hida and Jacques Tilouine have generalized the results about the existence of nontrivial congruence subgroups contained in the image of the Galois representation to the case of a Hida family of "general" Siegel modular forms of genus 2. Under some technical hypothesis, we have proved the same result for general reductive groups, when the associated Galois representation exists. In this talk, I will explain the results and show the main steps of the proof. This is a joint work with Jacques Tilouine.

Title: Generalized special cycles and theta series

Speaker: Dr. Yousheng Shi (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Time: 9:00-10:00, October 22, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: We study generalized special cycles on Hermitian locally symmetric spaces $\Gamma \backslash D$ associated to the groups $G = U(p, q), \ \mathrm{Sp}(2n, \mathbb R)$ and $\mathrm{O}(2n)$. These cycles are algebraic and covered by symmetric spaces associated to subgroups of $G$ which are of the same type. Using differential forms with values in the Weil representation, we show that Poincare duals of these generalized special cycles can be viewed as Fourier coefficients of a theta series. This gives new cases of theta lifts from the cohomology of Hermitian locally symmetric manifolds associated to $G$ to vector-valued automorphic forms associated to the groups $G' = \mathrm{U}(m, m), \ \mathrm{O}(m, m)$ or $\mathrm{Sp}(m, m)$ which are members of a dual pair with $G$ in the sense of Howe. This partially generalizes the work of Kudla and Millson on the special cycles on Hermitian locally symmetric spaces associated to the unitary groups.


 PPT    Video



Title: On the locally analytic vectors of the completed cohomology of modular curves

Speaker: Lue Pan (University of Chicago)

Time: 9:30-11:45, September 10, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: We study locally analytic vectors of the completed cohomology of modular curves and determine eigenvectors of a rational Borel subalgebra of gl_2(Q_p). As applications, we are able to prove a classicality result for overconvergent eigenform of weight one and give a new proof of Fontaine-Mazur conjecture in the irregular case under some mild hypothesis. One technical tool is relative Sen theory which allows us to relate infinitesimal group action with Hodge(-Tate) structure.




Title: Connectedness of Kisin varieties associated to  absolutely irreducible Galois representations

Speaker: Prof. Miaofen Chen (East China Normal University)

Time: 16:00-17:00, August 27, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: Let K be a p-adic field. Let \rho be a n-dimensional continuous absolutely irreducible mod p representation of the absolute Galois group of K. The Kisin variety is a projective scheme which parametrizes the finite flat group schemes over the ring of integers of K with generic fiber \rho satisfying some determinant condition. The connected components of the Kisin variety is in bijection with the connected components of the generic fiber of the flat deformation ring of \rho with given Hodge-Tate weights.  Kisin conjectured that the Kisin variety is connected in this case. We show that Kisin's conjecture holds if K  is totally ramfied with n=3 or the determinant condition is of a very particular form.  We also give counterexamples to show Kisin's conjecture does not hold in general. This is a joint work with Sian Nie.

PPT    Video



Title: Beilinson-Bloch conjecture and arithmetic inner product formula

Speaker: Prof. Yifeng Liu (Yale)

Time: 16:00-17:00, July 23, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: In this talk, we study the Chow group of the motive associated to a tempered global L-packet \pi of unitary groups of even rank with respect to a CM extension, whose global root number is -1. We show that, under some restrictions on the ramification
 of \pi, if the central derivative L'(1/2,\pi) is nonvanishing, then the \pi-nearly isotypic localization of the Chow group of a certain unitary Shimura variety over its reflex field does not vanish. This proves part of the Beilinson--Bloch conjecture for Chow
 groups and L-functions. Moreover, assuming the modularity of Kudla's generating functions of special cycles, we explicitly construct elements in a certain \pi-nearly isotypic subspace of the Chow group by arithmetic theta lifting, and compute their heights
 in terms of the central derivative L'(1/2,\pi) and local doubling zeta integrals. This is a joint work with Chao Li.

PPT    Video



Title: Bound on the number of rational points on curves

Speaker: Prof. Ziyang Gao (CNRS)

Time: 16:00-17:00, July 9, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: Mazur conjectured, after Faltings's proof of the Mordell conjecture, that the number of rational points on a curve depends only on the genus, the degree of the number field and the Mordell-Weil rank. This conjecture was established in a few cases. In this talk I will explain how to prove this conjecture and some of its generalization. I will focus on how functional transcendence and unlikely intersections on mixed Shimura varieties are applied. This is joint work with Vesselin Dimitrov and Philipp Habegger.

PPT    Video



Title: Towards three problems of Katz on Kloosterman sums

Speaker: Prof. Ping Xi (Xi'an Jiaotong University )

Time: 16:00-17:00, June 24, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: Motivated by deep observations on elliptic curves, Nicholas Katz proposed three problems on sign changes, equidistributions and modular structures of Kloosterman sums in 1980. In this talk, we will discuss some recent progresses towards these three problems made by analytic number theory combining certain tools from $\ell$-adic cohomology.

PPT   Video



Title: Algebraic cycles on Shimura varieties and L-functions

Speaker: Prof. Wei Zhang (MIT)

Time: 9:30-11:00, June 11, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: This will be an introductory talk to special algebraic cycles on Shimura varieties and their relation to L-functions. No prior knowledge Shimura varieties will be assumed.

PPT & Video



Title: The arithmetic fundamental lemma for p-adic fields

Speaker: Prof. Wei Zhang (MIT)

Time: 9:00-10:30, June 4, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: The arithmetic fundamental lemma (AFL) is a conjectural identity relating the arithmetic intersection numbers on a Rapoport-Zink space for unitary groups to the first derivative of relative orbital integral on the general linear groups over a p-adic field F. The AFL was proved in the case F=Q_p about one year ago. In this talk I will report a work in progress joint with A. Mihatsch to prove the AFL for a general p-adic field.

PPT & Video




Title: On certain special values of $L$-functions associated to elliptic curves and real quadratic fields

Speaker: Prof. Chung Pang Mok (Soochow University)

Time: 16:30-17:30September 24, 2020 (Beijing Time)

Abstract: We study a class of normalized special values of $L$-functions associated to elliptic curves (defined over $\mathbf{Q}$) and real quadratic fields. Under certain hypotheses, we are able to show that these are squares of rational numbers. This result is used to improve upon a theorem of Bertolini-Darmon about a $p$-adic Gross-Zagier type formula.

PPT    Video